Laboratoire de Physique des Interfaces et des Couches Minces

CNRS - École polytechnique - Institut Polytechnique de Paris

In-situ ETEM Studies of Fe Catalyst NPs Formation under Molecular or Radicals/Activated Hydrogen Environments for the Growth of SWCNTs

Contributors: Ileana Florea (LPICM), Mariam Ezzedine (LPICM), Mihai-Robert Zamfir (LPICM), Loan Truong (LPICM), Eleonor Caristan (LPICM) and Costel – Sorin Cojocaru (LPICM) The present study is focused on the realization of in situ TEM observations of Fe catalyst film dewetting and catalytic nanoparticles (NPs) formation under molecular and/or radical/ activated hydrogen environments. The formed NPs […]

Angle resolved polarimetric microscopy

We have a long-standing history in the development of an angle-resolved Mueller matrix polarimeter which can image all 16 elements of the Mueller matrix in either real or Fourier space. The system operates with ferroelectric crystals and optics able to work anywhere in the spectral range from 450 to 700 nm. An example of the […]

In-situ TEM SWCNTs growth observation under gas environment and under electric field

The goal of the project is to study the influence of the electric fields on the growth of free-standing carbon nanotubes(CNTs) by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) used in field emission (FE) applications. The growths are performed in an environmental transmission electron microscope (ETEM) with the ETEM growths observed in real-time under  C2H2 environment at 700° […]

Multimodal Multispectral – UV-VIS-IR – Polarimetric Microscopy

New Project: Infrared Polarimetric Microscope with Synchrotron Light The new instrumental project is about the development of a non-conventional Infrared Imaging Polarimeter that will be installed at Synchrotron SOLEIL and will we operative at the end of 2021. The optical design of the new microscope will be optimize to fully exploit the brightness of the […]

Understanding the generation of silicide nanowires by CVD in situ in a TEM

Metallic nanowires (NWs) may be of interest in many nano-electronics or plasmonics applications. Nanowires based on silicon are of particular interest as they are naturally compatible with Si technology. Among the latter, nickel silicide NWs are very conductive and could replace copper connections or transparent conductive oxides.1 Regarding fundamental materials science, their growth occurs in […]

Understanding the generation of polytypism in semiconductor nanowires through in situ observations in a TEM

Polytypism is the fact of changing the stacking order of the densest atomic planes in a crystal. It leads to different metastable phases of that crystal, which are in perfect epitaxial relationships, but which have different electronic properties. In semiconductors  in general and in silicon in particular, the piling up of those structures opens up […]

Visualizing the effects of plasma-generated H atoms in-situ in the NanoMAX transmission electron microscope

In plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition (PECVD), reactive species generated by the plasma have the effect, among others, of changing the surface energies of the growing materials, which allows one to prepare objects that would not stabilize otherwise. Here, we use this property to stabilize Sn droplets used as catalysts in the growth of Si nanowires […]

Optical Properties of Nanostructures

Vertical nanowire arrays exhibit excellent light absorption due to their unique structure combining individual optical properties with the collective behavior of the arrays. At LPICM, we are working on the optimization of the light absorption inside nanowire arrays. By combining individual nanowire properties with the closely packed periodic arrangement, we have designed double-diameter nanowire arrays […]

Insight into the formation and stability of solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) for nanostructured silicon-based anode electrodes used in Li-ion batteries

Silicon-based anode fabrication with nano-scale structuration improves the energy density and life cycle of Li-ion batteries. As-synthesized silicon (Si) nanowires (NWs) or nanoparticles (NPs) directly on the current collector represent a credible alternative to conventional graphite anode. However, the operating potentials of these electrodes are below the electrochemical stability window of all electrolytes used in […]

In situ Modulated Photoluminescence

  Improving the performance of solar cells requires, among other things, the development of efficient surface passivation techniques. Passivation consists in neutralizing the defects present on the surface of the semiconductor which act as recombination centers of photo-generated charge carriers. This passivation, which can be ensured by a chemical effect (saturation of the pendant bonds […]